Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a low tetrahydrocannabinol product derived from cannabis flowers or leaves. It can be produced from either CBD extract or an isolate base. As an extract base, it will include the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant material extracted from hemp. As an isolate base, it provides a single-molecule CBD content.
As an oil-based tincture, it can be consumed sublingually by placing a few drops under the tongue. It is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, taking effect almost instantaneously. Its popularity is driven by the claims of its benefits for users seeking general wellness and relief.
How CBD Works
Cannabinoids work through their interaction with cannabinoid receptors from the endocannabinoid system. The interaction with CB1 receptors affects the user’s mood, appetite, memory, and pain. When the extract interacts with CB2 receptors, the user’s immune system is altered for the desired effect.
Benefits of CBD Oils
1. Pain Relief
CBD oil has been proven to have exceptional success in pain management. This use of oil can be dated back to ancient China. The extract works by reducing inflammation throughout the user’s body. Patients suffering from chronic pain can successfully use CBD oil without the risk of drug intoxication and dependency. Specifically, arthritis patients report success managing the pain from the inflammation without additional side effects. Patients with multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune condition, report fewer spasms and relief from the constant pain. Substantial evidence shows effective treatment for chronic pain in adults without the risk of these individuals building tolerance over time. Additionally, the oil can manage pain for users with fibromyalgia, headaches, low back pain, migraines, and irritable bowel movement.
2. Anxiety Relief
Anxiety is a natural feedback to stress and apprehension. While it can be written off as normal, it can become a mental disorder, especially when the patient experiences disproportionate anxiety levels. CBD oils have shown potential to treat:
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Panic disorder (PD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Social anxiety disorder (SAD)
Notably, the oil can be used in monotherapy or as part of complementary therapy for the conditions mentioned above. The interaction of the oil and the serotonin signal reduces the rapid heartbeat from the anxiety, thus offering relief. Even with the benefits, it would be ill-advised to replace any anti-depressants or antipsychotics with the oil, given that there is still a knowledge gap on the extent of benefits from the oil. Finally, the oil has shown great promise in helping individuals cope with the anxiety of public speaking.
Seizures are caused by alterations to the electrical activity in your brain. Individuals ailing from epilepsy, brain infections, electrolyte imbalances, and traumatic brain injury will often suffer seizures of varying intensities. Those suffering from these conditions have to deal with great pain and discomfort. Their lives are often shaped by the condition, especially in situations where the seizures are unpredictable. Great success has been seen in the use of the oil in Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndrome management. The interaction of the oil and the neurotransmitters in the body enhances the transmission to the brain. Care should be taken to ensure that taking the CBD oil does not negatively interact with medication administered to the users already. Specifically, there should be uniform strength and consistent delivery of the CBD oil to the user. Additionally, dosage and preparation of the CBD should be considered when the user opts for the oil as medication for seizures. For tremendous success, the oil should be at least 98% pure.
4. CBD Oil for Cancer
The extract has been proven to help manage some cancer symptoms, and as such, the compound is used to complement cancer treatment. Ingesting of the oil delivers THC into the bloodstream, which helps stimulate appetite. This is especially helpful for individuals going through chemotherapy and under heavy medication. Further, the oil can be used to ease the inflammation from treatment. It relieves pressure on internal organs and prevents any nerve damage. After chemotherapy, patients will often report regular nausea and vomiting. The THC in the CBD oil reduces this side effect and prevents further discomfort. Notably, there is research into how the oil can be used in cancer prevention. Specifically, it has been reported that users of cannabis and its various derivatives can reduce the risk of developing bladder cancer. Finally, for patients at the end of their treatment journey who have shown no response to treatment, CBD oil can improve their well-being. It could help ensure a better quality of life for the remainder of their time.
5. CBD for Memory Enhancement
Memory loss can result from emotional and physical trauma, substance abuse, or even lack of sleep. It can also be an early-onset symptom of Alzheimer’s or dementia. CBD oils can be used to undo the breakdown in neurons and prevent further deterioration of the same. Further, regular intake of the oil can prevent the development of cognitive deficits. Specifically, it can reduce gliosis and the neuro-inflammatory response, thus preventing memory loss. Finally, the oil intake can improve attention, the executive function of the brain, and the working memory of the user’s brain. These benefits are possible significantly since the compound increases blood flow to the part of the brain associated with memory function.
Usage and Dosage
A downside of the over-commercialization of CBD oils is that there are no guidelines for the appropriate use of the oil. Most users are only provided with a dropper cap to deliver two or more drops sublingually. This lack of specific guidelines exposes users to improper use of the oil, especially since dependency is unlikely. While shopping for the oil, you want to investigate whether the oil comes as a full-spectrum oil or an isolate. Note that tinctures will have higher concentrations, and as such, you need to follow the guidelines given by your doctor.
There are dozens of purported health and wellness benefits of CBD oils. The extract is an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic, and antipsychotic agent. Indiscriminate use of CBD oil is, however, detrimental and illegal. Remember, you will require a medical card to access an extensive menu of CBD oils at medical shops.
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